Hesse, founder of the NG-PON2 Forum, Broadband Forum Board of Directors Member, BASe Chairman and Senior Director of Standards Marketing and Thought Leadership for Calix, sat down at Calix ConneXions with us and provided a look from the beginning of NG-PON2 to the future. Video below

Vince O'Byrne of Verizon drove the project forward starting in 2014. Verizon had decided that 10 gigs would not be enough for their millimeter wave 5G. Tunable lasers, the key technology, were very expensive but the price was falling.

NG-PON2 uses four frequencies, (wavelengths, lambdas) each with 10 gigabits. Combining them yields 40 gigabits as transmitted, 36 gigabits net. 40 gigabits from the bonded wavelengths is still in the lab and soon will reach the field.

Going forward, using more wavelengths and higher speeds on each will yield 80 to 100 gigabits. Currently, standards groups are considering 8 wavelengths of 25 gigabits each. Research provides a  clear path to much higher speeds. 

Video by Jennie Bourne of Bourne Digital. http://bit.ly/BourneD


Bernd's comments in the video below provide even more insight.


dave ask


Vivo is selling new the iQOO 5G premium quality phone for US$536.

Lei Jun Xiaomi "5G to have explosive growth starting from Q2 2020"5G to have explosive growth starting from Q2 2020" I say sooner

Verizon CEO Ronan Dunne: >1/2 VZ 5G "will approximate to a good 4G service" Midband in "low hundreds" Mbps

CFO John Stephens says AT&T is going to cut capex soon.

Bharti in India has lost 45M customers who did not want to pay the minimum USS2/month. It's shutting down 3G to free some spectrum for 4G. It is cutting capex, dangerous when the 12 gigabytes/month of use continues to rise.

Huawei in 16 days sold 1,000,000 5G Mate 20s.  

China has over 50,000 upgraded base stations and may have more than 200,000 by yearend 2019. The growth is astonishing and about to accelerate. China will have more 5G than North America and Europe combined for several years.

5G phone prices are down to $580 in China from Oppo. Headed under $300 in 2020 and driving demand.

No one believed me when I wrote in May, 90% of Huawei U.S. purchases can be rapidly replaced and that Huawei would survive and thrive. Financial results are in, with 23% growth and increased phone sales. It is spending $17B on research in 2019, up > 10%. 

5G phones spotted from Sharp and Sony

NTT DOCOMO will begin "pre-commercial service Sept 20 with over 100 live bases. Officially, the commercial start is 2020.

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Welcome  1,800,000 Koreans bought 5G in the first four months. The demand is there, and most of the technology works. Meanwhile, the hype is unreal. Time for reporting closer to the truth.

The estimates you hear about 5G costs are wildly exaggerated. Verizon is building the most advanced wireless network while reducing capex. Deutsche Telekom and Orange/France Telecom also confirm they won't raise capex.

Massive MIMO in either 4G or "5G" can increase capacity 3X to 7X, including putting 2.3 GHz to 4.2 GHz to use. Carrier Aggregation, 256 QAM, and other tools double and triple that. Verizon sees cost/bit dropping 40% per year.

Cisco & others see traffic growth slowing to 30%/year or less.  I infer overcapacity almost everywhere.  

Believe it or not, 80+% of 5G (mid-band) for several years will be slower than good 4G, which is more developed.