ATT 94 meg 5G 230

Gordon Mansfield of AT&T "told [management] that I want every day that’s left in the year ... The equipment is literally coming off production lines and going into the field — we are not even using normal shipping channels.” AT&T is the first in the world to use 39 GHz, a remarkable achievement.

AT&T has one of the best and most experienced senior engineering teams in the world, but the first efforts are struggling. It claims the supplier - probably Ericsson - isn't ready with the equipment in the 39 GHz band. They refuse to provide information on network speed. It may be as low as 250 megabits, half the LTE speed at T-Mobile in Manhattan.

Lessons learned:  

 “Now, in mmWave, it’s a new frontier.  Sometimes you expect the signal to be there and it isn’t, so you have to adjust. As you move through the coverage area, you will be served by different beams, and you have to understand transitions between beams,” said Hristov. “RF engineers have to be hyper-accurate about placing and facing nodes … [because] if you don’t land on the right beam, you won’t get maximum performance.”

Mansfield also said, "The first IoT devices will be really high-end." Most users will "trade off capability for cost.” said Mansfield, noting that the first 5G IoT devices will be “really high-end.” I believe almost everyone will continue to use Bluetooth, Wi-Fi and 4G for IoT for years. 5G units will not just be expensive. They will be large and run down the battery. 

Todd Zeiler confirms that mmWave and sub-6 are very different. "We need to explain that we have a fork in the road now. Millimeter wave will have a similar improvement, but sub-6 is about a more efficient interface with improved latency — it’s not about speed-doubling." 3GPP did the world a disservice by calling both 5G.

The AT&T folks agree there's a long way to go. Hristov notes, “It will take years to get to the point where you have the right tooling to accurately predict what you are trying to cover and serve," Zeiler adds, "software upgrades in 2019 that enhance beam-forming capabilities not expected to be mature until sometime in 2020."  

The good news: "Coverage and data rates have generally been better than expected."

Quotes from 5G Networks Under Construction by Rick Merritt of EE Times.

The picture is a pre-launch demonstration by AT&T shot  by Corinne Reichart of ZD Net

 

dave ask

Newsfeed

The 3.3-4.2 spectrum should be shared, not exclusively used by one company, concludes an important U.S. Defense Innovation Board report. If more wireless broadband is important, sharing is of course right because shared networks can yield far more

It does work! Verizon's mmWave tests over a gigabit in the real world. 
The $669 OnePlus 7 Pro outclasses the best Apples and probably the new Galaxy 10 or Huawei P30 Pro. Optical zoom, three cameras, liquid cooling, Qualcomm 855 and more.
Korea at 400,000 5G May 15. Chinese "pre-commercial" signing customers, 60,000-120,000 base stations in 2019, million+ remarkable soon. 
5G phones Huawei Mate 20, Samsung Galaxy 10, ZTE Nubia, LG V50, and OPPO are all on sale at China Unicom. All cost US$1,000 to 1,500 before subsidy. Xiaomi promises US$600.
Natural monopoly? Vodafone & Telecom Italia to share 5G, invite all other companies to join.
Huawei predicts 5G phones for US$200 in 2021, $300 even earlier
NY Times says "5G is dangerous" is a Russian plot. Really.
Althiostar raised US$114 million for a virtual RAN system in the cloud. Rakuten, Japan's new #4, is using it and invested.
Ireland is proposing a US$3 billion subsidy for rural fibre that will be much too expensive. Politics.
Telefonica Brazil has 9M FTTH homes passed and will add 6M more within two years. Adjusted for population, that's more than the U.S. The CEO publicly urged other carriers to raise prices together.
CableLabs and Cisco have developed Low Latency XHaul (LLX) with 5-15 ms latency for 5G backhaul,  U.S. cable is soon to come in very strong in wireless. Details 
Korea Telecom won 100,000 5G customers in the first month. SK & LG added 150,000 more. KT has 37,500 cells. planning 90% of the country by yearend. 
The Chinese giants expect 60,000 to 90,000 5G cells by the end of 2019.
China Telecom's Yang Xin warns, "Real large-scale deployment of operators' edge computing may be after 2021." Customers are hard to find.
Reliance Jio registered 97.5% 4G availability across India in Open Signal testing. Best in world.

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Welcome On Oct 1, 2019 Verizon turned on the first $20B 5G mmWave network with extraordinary hopes. The actual early results have been dismal. Good engineers tell me that will change. Meanwhile, the hype is unreal. Time for reporting closer to the truth.

The estimates you hear about 5G costs are wildly exaggerated. Verizon is building the most advanced wireless network while reducing capex. Deutsche Telekom and Orange/France Telecom also confirm they won't raise capex.

Massive MIMO in either 4G or "5G" can increase capacity 3X to 7X, including putting 2.3 GHz to 4.2 GHz to use. Carrier Aggregation, 256 QAM, and other tools double and triple that. Verizon sees cost/bit dropping 40% per year.

Cisco & others see traffic growth slowing to 30%/year or less.  I infer overcapacity almost everywhere.  

Believe it or not, 80% of 5G (mid-band) for several years will be slower than good 4G, which is more developed.